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History of Jasper


The first recorded visit to the Athabasca Valley was by surveyor David Thompson in 1810. The North West Company built a supply depot on Brule Lake in 1813, a settlement which later became known as Jasper House after North West Company clerk Jasper Hawes. With the decline of the fur trade, Jasper House was abandoned in 1884. The Dominion Government established Jasper Forest Park in 1907, setting aside an area of some 13,000 sq km. By 1911 the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway had reached Fitzhugh (now Jasper) Station. The Jasper-Edmonton road opened in 1928. In 1930, Jasper Forest Park was officially established as a Jasper National Park. Today more than 3 million visitors pass through the park gates each year, and more than 1.8 million stop to experience this unique wilderness and World Heritage Site.

Jasper Raven Totem Pole
For 94 years a magnificent Haida totem pole stood like a sentry facing Jasper’s railway station. It was carved sometime during the 1870’s – 1880’s in Masset on the Queen Charlotte Islands in British Columbia. The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway (later the Canadian National Railway in the 1920’s) acquired the pole in 1915 and sent it to Jasper by train. The original carved pole was unpainted cedar. While in Jasper, the pole was painted several times to make it more attractive to visitors. In 2008 an assessment of the pole revealed advanced decay rendering it a public safety hazard. In April 2009 the totem pole was taken down.

In September 2009, the Minister of the Environment announced that Parks Canada will be replacing the Jasper Totem Pole with a new carving from its original home in Masset, B.C. The Government of Canada and Parks Canada are working with the Haida to repatriate the historic Raven Totem Pole back to the Queen Charlotte Islands. 
more facts about the totem pole

Parks Canada News Release - September 6, 2009  

History of Jasper
History of Jasper
Schools in Jasper
The original Raven Totem Pole stood in Jasper for 93 years – from 1969 to 2009. The Haida Gwaii in coastal B.C. have been commissioned by the government of Canada to replace the landmark totem pole and to find a home for the historic one.
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