Groups at Risk of Exclusion

Discrimination Goes Beyond Skin Colour


Being a welcoming and inclusive community requires a recognition of the differing abilities of community members and taking action to ensure that all residents are able to actively participate in the social, cultural and economic life of the municipality. This may include, for example, ensuring barrier-free access to recreation facilities, accommodating differing needs in the municipal workplace and providing education on health policies for municipal staff. The Alberta Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination on the grounds of physical and mental disability.

Aboriginal People

This is the overall term used in Canada’s 1982 Constitution Act to refer to First Nations, Inuit and Métis people. The word recognizes the fact that Aboriginal peoples are the original people of Canada. There are many other words that Aboriginal people use to describe themselves and these may change over time. If you’re unsure, it’s always best to ask what name people prefer.


The abbreviation LGBT refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered people. LGBT people often feel excluded from our communities due to overt (homophobia) and systemic (heterosexism) experiences of discrimination. In 1996, the Canadian Human Rights Act was amended to prohibit discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation. In 2009, Alberta included sexual orientation in the Alberta Human Rights Act.


Alberta municipalities have become increasingly aware of issues around dwindling populations and labour shortages. Attraction and retention strategies can help with growth. Sometimes new arrivals encounter challenges adapting to their new environment. Newcomers will be more attracted to prepared communities that make them feel welcome and included.


It is estimated that by 2031 there will be more than 923,000 seniors in Alberta – about one in five Albertans. As the population ages, communities must adapt not only to accommodate seniors’ needs but also to recognize the unique opportunities around attracting and retaining this important demographic.


In 2012, Alberta’s youth made up 15.4% of the labour force and 14.7% of employed Albertans. To retain and attract youth, communities must make them feel welcome and provide opportunities for young people to participate and create.

This page is just to get us started, the goal is to use the different AUMA WIC tools by type of diversity as well as the St. Albert pages as a template to create our own pages

Acknowledgements: AUMA Welcoming & Inclusive Communities Toolkit